Frequent question: When did the Netherlands colonize Indonesia?

When was Indonesia colonized by the Dutch?

In 1596 the first Dutch vessels anchored at the shores of West Java. Over the next three centuries, the Dutch gradually colonized this archipelago until it became known as the Dutch East Indies. Revolt against the oppressing colonizers soon built up throughout the country.

How did Indonesia get colonized?

Europeans such as the Portuguese arrived in Indonesia from the 16th century seeking to monopolise the sources of valuable nutmeg, cloves, and cubeb pepper in Maluku. In 1602, the Dutch established the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and became the dominant European power by 1610.

Why did the Dutch leave Indonesia?

The US favoured Sukarno and Indonesian Independence in the hope of keeping independent Indonesia out of the hands of the Communists. As a result of US pressure on the Dutch, sovereignty was transferred to the nationalist government of Indonesia in 1949 with the exclusion of the Dutch part of New Guinea.

Was Indonesia a Hindu country?

Hinduism in Indonesia, as of the 2018 census, is practised by about 1.74% of the total population, and almost 87% of the population in Bali. Hinduism is one of the six official religions of Indonesia.

Official Census (2010)

Province Indonesia
Hindu 2010 4,012,116
% Hindu 2010 1.69%
% Hindu 2000 1.79%
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What spices did the Dutch want from Indonesia?

The Dutch were drawn to Indonesia in the late 1500s by the promise of immense profits in the lucrative spice trade. Cloves, nutmeg and mace – found only on a few volcanic islands in Indonesia – were luxury items in Medieval Europe. They were highly valued for their exotic flavours and perceived medicinal properties.

What was the Dutch policy in Indonesia?

Ethical Policy, in Indonesian history, a program introduced by the Dutch in the East Indies at the turn of the 20th century aimed at promoting the welfare of the indigenous Indonesians (Javanese).