How many Dutch died in Indonesia?
After the declaration, the Netherlands waged a war to re-establish colonial control over Indonesia. The war, whose dead included Indonesians killed by summary execution, cost an estimated 300,000 Indonesian lives and around 6,000 casualties on the Dutch side.
When did Dutch come to Indonesia?
The colonial period of Indonesia did not immediately start when the Dutch first arrived in the archipelago at the end of the 16th century. Instead, it was a slow process of political expansion that took centuries to reach the territorial boundaries of present-day Indonesia.
Why did the Dutch leave Indonesia?
The US favoured Sukarno and Indonesian Independence in the hope of keeping independent Indonesia out of the hands of the Communists. As a result of US pressure on the Dutch, sovereignty was transferred to the nationalist government of Indonesia in 1949 with the exclusion of the Dutch part of New Guinea.
Does Indonesia have Dutch influence?
Traces of Dutch influences in Indonesia include Dutch origin loanwords in Indonesian and cuisine. Some Indonesian dishes have been adopted and, in turn, influenced Dutch cuisine. … Another legacy of colonial rule in Indonesia is the legal system that was inherited from the Dutch.
When did the Dutch lose control of Indonesia?
Despite two successful military campaigns in 1947 and 1948, Dutch efforts to re-establish their colony failed and the Netherlands recognised Indonesian sovereignty in December 1949.
Is slavery legal in Indonesia?
In terms absolute numbers, Indonesia was ranked ninetieth on the 2016 Global Slavery Index. … Today, under international law, slavery is illegal. In practice, however, these laws are not well enforced, permitting the continuation of some forms of slavery.
What spices did the Dutch want from Indonesia?
The Dutch were drawn to Indonesia in the late 1500s by the promise of immense profits in the lucrative spice trade. Cloves, nutmeg and mace – found only on a few volcanic islands in Indonesia – were luxury items in Medieval Europe. They were highly valued for their exotic flavours and perceived medicinal properties.
Did the Dutch rule the world?
The Dutch colonized many parts of the world — from America to Asia and Africa to South America; they also occupied many African countries for years. From the 17th century onwards, the Dutch started to colonize many parts of Africa, including Ivory Coast, Ghana, South Africa, Angola, Namibia and Senegal.
What did Dutch do to Indonesia?
Slave trading was widely carried out during the Dutch colonial period in Indonesia. Especially in North Sumatra, human trading for plantation workers, known as coolies, was widely practiced around 150 years ago.
Are the Dutch?
|c. 30 million|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Netherlands 16,215,000 (Citizens with Dutch nationality include both parents born in the Netherlands 13,227,000)|