What is Indonesia’s main source of food?
The major food crops, ranked by area harvested, are rice, corn, cassava, soybeans and peanuts. Indonesia is also one of the world’s largest producers and exporters of tree crops such as rubber, copra, palm kernels, palm oil, coffee, cocoa and spices (Ministry of Agriculture, 2001).
Does Indonesia produce enough food to feed itself?
Indonesian food security has improved over the past two decades and it has the potential to produce enough food to feed its population, but it is prevented from doing so by a number of challenges.
Why does Indonesia have food insecurity?
Indonesian food insecurity stems from unequal access to proper food and nutrition. Unaffordable food has led to alarmingly high levels of stunting and malnutrition. Indonesia’s rivers and lakes are highly polluted and vulnerable to seasonal variation.
Is pork eaten in Indonesia?
Indonesia’s pork consumption in 2019 was well below the OECD average of around 23.5 kilograms per capita. Fish and poultry were more commonly consumed meat types in Indonesia, where the majority of the population is Muslim, and for whom pig meat is forbidden.
Is rice native to Indonesia?
Since 1980, Indonesia’s national rice yield has been the highest in tropical Asia. … Rice is grown at varying altitudes, with about 75 per cent of plantings in irrigated areas and less than 10 percent on rainfed lowlands. Most rice production takes place on the island of Java under irrigation.
Does Indonesia have enough food?
Indonesia ranked 70th out of 117 countries in the 2019 Global Hunger Index, with a level of hunger that is ranked as serious. Similarly, the World Food Programme has found that 58 out of 398 rural districts are highly vulnerable to food insecurity and malnutrition is widespread.
What does food security mean?
Food security is defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) as: when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.