How long has dengue been around in Singapore?

When was dengue first reported?

The first epidemic of clinical dengue-like illness was recorded in Madras (now Chennai) in 1780 and the first virologically proved epidemic of DF in India occurred in Calcutta and Eastern Coast of India in 1963-196457.

Is dengue common in Singapore?

As neither DenV-3 or DenV-4 have infected large numbers of people in the past, the vast majority of the population would be susceptible. The rise of DenV-3 last year likely contributed to the largest dengue outbreak Singapore has seen, with a total of 35,315 people infected and at least 29 people dying from it.

Is dengue endemic in Singapore?

Dengue, however, remains endemic in Singapore. Since the 1990s, there have been periodic spikes in cases occurring in five- to six-year cycles. This year’s spike could be a case in point, coming after the epidemics in 2013 and 2014, which saw over 22,000 and 18,000 cases respectively.

Can dengue become a pandemic?

The first recognized dengue epidemics occurred almost simultaneously in Asia, Africa, and North America in the 1780s, shortly after the identification and naming of the disease in 1779. A pandemic began in Southeast Asia in the 1950s, and by 1975 DHF had become a leading cause of death among children in the region.

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Was there a dengue pandemic?

A global pandemic of dengue begun in Southeast Asia after World War II and has intensified during the last 15 years.

How serious is dengue in Singapore?

Dengue haemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome can be fatal. Together with the National Environment Agency (NEA), we track all dengue-related deaths in Singapore which are reported quarterly.

Who is most affected by dengue in Singapore?

Besides affecting mainly adults, it has also been observed that there are more male than female dengue cases reported in Singapore where the male to female morbidity ratio for dengue was 1.6:1 in this period of resurgence(5).

How is dengue diagnosed in Singapore?

In order for a doctor to properly diagnose dengue fever, they would assess the symptoms, take a blood test and assess your medical history. “During the acute illness, particularly on day 3, the dengue antigen NS1 is particularly sensitive and effective in diagnosing dengue fever,” says Dr Leong.

How can we build immunity to dengue?

Building a strong immune system is one great method to fight dengue.

Dengue fever prevention: Immunity boosting foods

  1. Citrus foods. Citrus foods are rich in vitamin C which helps in building strong immunity. …
  2. Garlic. …
  3. Yogurt. …
  4. Spinach. …
  5. Almonds. …
  6. Turmeric. …
  7. Ginger.

How is dengue treated in Singapore?

Treatment for Dengue Fever

There is no specific treatment for dengue or dengue haemorrhagic fever. Treatment for dengue is supportive. In severe cases, you may require hospitalisation and aggressive emergency treatment with fluid and electrolyte replacement or blood transfusions.

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