Who led the independence movement in Indonesia?

How Indonesia got its independence?

Indonesia gained its independence at the end of WW2 in 1945. The Dutch ruled Indonesia until the Japenese invasion and subsequent occupation in 1942. … After the Japanese surrendered in 1945, Indonesia was declared independent by Sukarno, the country’s first president.

Who ruled Indonesia before independence?

Dutch East Indies

Dutch East Indies Nederlandsch-Indië (Dutch) Hindia-Belanda (Indonesian)
Government Colonial administration
Head of State
• 1800 Augustijn Gerhard Besier
• 1948–1949 Juliana

Which year Indonesia got freedom?

On the morning of Aug. 17, 1945, after the news of the Japanese surrender had been confirmed, Sukarno and Hatta proclaimed Indonesia an independent republic.

Why did the Dutch leave Indonesia?

The US favoured Sukarno and Indonesian Independence in the hope of keeping independent Indonesia out of the hands of the Communists. As a result of US pressure on the Dutch, sovereignty was transferred to the nationalist government of Indonesia in 1949 with the exclusion of the Dutch part of New Guinea.

Who get the credit to liberate Indonesia from Dutch?

Allied counter revolution. The Dutch accused Sukarno and Hatta of collaborating with the Japanese, and denounced the Republic as a creation of Japanese fascism. The Dutch East Indies administration had just received a ten million dollar loan from the United States to finance its return to Indonesia.

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